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Articles ( Showing 41-60 of 328 items)
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Journal Article
Can Education Reduce or Mitigate Discrimination? An Investigation on Earnings of PhD Recipients in the US
by Wei-Chiao Huang , Qing Zang  and  Daxue Kan
Abstract
Spence’s signaling model (Spence, 1973) suggests that education can signal workers’ unobserved ability to employers thereby mitigating discrimination. There have been several studies concerning education’s impact on labor market discrimination against minority or disadvantaged groups. Our approach in this inquiry is unique in that we utilize the data of PhD re [...] Read more

Review
The Dual Roles of S-Nitrosylation of Proteins in Cancer: Molecular Mechanisms and Recent Advancements
by Yi Wu , Yanqi Li , Tong Wu  and  Hongmei Yang
Abstract
Protein S-nitrosylation (SNO), emerging as an important posttranslational modification, involves covalent addition of nitric oxide (NO) to the sulfur atom of cysteine in proteins. Accumulated evidence suggests that protein SNO plays crucial roles in pathophysiological mechanisms in cancer, which is attracting great attention. However, there are still controversies about whether [...] Read more

Journal Article
The effectiveness of the european central bank in pursuing its prime mandate
by Mark Scholliers  and  Herman Matthijs
Abstract
The objectives and tasks of the European Central Bank (ECB) are defined in Articles 2 and 3 of Protocol (No 4) on the Statute of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB) and of the European Central Bank (ECB). While in Article 3,1° of this Protocol other tasks are mentioned, the prime objective of the ESCB and therefore of the ECB, is price stability. This concept was or [...] Read more

Journal Article
Carbon emissions trading price forecasts by multi-perspective fusion
by Chong Zhang  and  Zhiying Feng
Abstract
The precise prediction of carbon emissions trading prices is the foundation for the stable and sustainable development of the carbon financial market. In recent years, influenced by a combination of factors such as the pandemic, trading regulations, and policies, carbon prices have exhibited strong random volatility and clear non-stationary characteristics. Traditional single-p [...] Read more

Journal Article
Comprehensive analyses reveal molecular and clinical characteristics of RNA modification writers across 32 cancer types
by Jiayu Ding , Hao Shen , Jiaying Ji , Jiaxing Li , Wenbin Kuang , Zhongrui Shi , Dawei Wang , Yuanyuan Chen , Didi Wan , Xiao Wang  and  Peng Yang
Abstract
Adenosine alterations to RNA, which are largely determined by RNA modification writers (RMWs), are critical for cancer growth and progression. These RMWs can catalyze different types of adenosine modifications, such as N6-methyladenosine (m6A), N1-methyladenosine (m1A), alternative polyadenylation (APA), and adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) RNA editing. These modifications have pr [...] Read more

Journal Article
Vector Error Correction Models with Stationary and Nonstationary Variables
by Pu Chen
Abstract
Vector Error Correction Models (VECM) have become a standard tool in empirical economics for analyzing nonstationary time series data because they integrate two key concepts in economics: equilibrium and dynamic adjustment in a single model. The current standard VECM procedure is limited to time series data with the same degree of integration, i.e., all I(1) variables. However, [...] Read more

Journal Article
How Does FDI-Led Growth Strategy Work? Some Lessons from China for Developing Countries
by Kevin H. Zhang
Abstract
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is widely viewed as a key driving force behind China’s exceptional growth performance in the last four decades. This paper investigates several questions posed by China’s success in capturing gains from FDI. What explains that success? Can other countries replicate it, or is it unique to China? What lessons are from China for other co [...] Read more

Journal Article
Bayesian-Nash equilibria for fuzzy value auctions
by Alexey S. Shvedov
Abstract
This paper analyses a model of private value auctions with symmetric risk-neutral bidders, where bidders' private values of an indivisible good are fuzzy. The auction is studied as a game with incomplete information. Fuzzy random variables, their quantile functions, and expressions for expectations through quantile functions are used. An explicit expression for the solution is [...] Read more

Journal Article
Entrepreneurial universities: Modelling the link between innovation producers and innovation users shows that team structures in the tech transfer function improves performance
by Charles Mondal , Mousa Al-Kfairy  and  Robert B. Mellor
Abstract
To investigate successful technology transfer, the potential path of innovations from the university research bench to the knowledge recipient is modelled. Universities exist in highly regulated environments and the initial path of decision-making is a hierarchical model and where decisions flow upward from manager to manager until a small number of candidate innovations for co [...] Read more

Journal Article
Post-Pandemic Rental Housing Affordability Economics in the U.S., U.K., & Canada
by Grant Alexander Wilson , Jason Jogia  and  Tyler Case
Abstract
Rental unaffordability is defined as spending more than 30% of a household’s gross income on rent. Post-pandemic inflation and interest rate increases have intensified rental unaffordability. This research examines rental affordability in the U.S., the U.K., and Canada. It also explores the effect of renters’ “affordability knowledge” – defined as [...] Read more

Journal Article
How Shopping Platforms Play a Role in the Credit Card Industry
by Sipeng Zeng
Abstract
We develop a four-party model involving banks, merchants, consumers, and platform firms to explain why large shopping malls can offer interest-free installment services to consumers. Using a collaboration between an online shopping platform firm and multiple banks to issue co-branded credit cards as a natural experiment, we find that consumers’ spending on the platform fu [...] Read more

Journal Article
Targeted intracellular delivery of BH3 mimetic peptide inhibits BCL-2 activity and prevents breast cancer development
by Zhengdong Yuan , Yiwen Zhang , Xuena Yang  and  Hai Qin
Abstract
Breast cancer, as a malignant tumor with easy metastasis and poor prognosis, threatens the health of women around the world. Increasing studies have shown that the Bcl-2 family of apoptosis-related proteins is often expressed abnormally in breast cancer. The Bcl-2 homology 3 (BH3) mimetic peptide can bind and neutralize Bcl-2, preventing its binding to the apoptosis "effector" [...] Read more

Journal Article
Adoption Factors of Blockchain in Indian Agriculture Supply Chain Management Analysis using EFA
by Nishanth Rao Dugyala , Abishek Rauniyar , Mary Subaja Christ  and  Atul Kumar Singh
Abstract
The global agricultural supply chain grapples with inherent challenges, including opacity, inefficiency, and ethical concerns, necessitating innovative solutions, particularly within Indian Agriculture Supply Chain Management. Despite these challenges, a notable research gap emerges due to the limited exploration of adoption factors specific to the Indian agricultural context. [...] Read more

Journal Article
ARDL and VECM Investigation of the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis in Egypt, India, Mexico, Pakistan, Thailand, and Turkey: Financial Development, Globalization, and Government Expenditure Implications for Sustainable Development
by Takashi Fukuda
Abstract
The present paper empirically examines the validity of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis, which posits an inverted U-shaped relationship between CO2 emissions and economic growth, in Egypt, India, Mexico, Pakistan, Thailand, and Turkey for the period 1970-2020. The EKC validity is highly debated due to varying results across countries. This study is significant t [...] Read more

Journal Article
Potential Asymmetries in the International trade and Economic Growth in China: The Role of Emission Intensity
by Atul Kumar Singh
Abstract
This study delves into the complex relationship between China's international trade and economic growth, specifically focusing on emission intensity and its environmental ramifications within the context of energy efficiency. The primary objective is to provide a comprehensive understanding of how China's international trade dynamics influence economic growth, emphasizing emiss [...] Read more

Journal Article
Optimal sizing and siting of single tunned passive filter based on jellyfish algorithm
by Adel Abo El-Ela , Ragab El-Sehiemy , Sohir M. Allam  and  Asmaa Adel Mubarak
Abstract
The presence of electrical harmonics in low voltage networks causes many problems for customers, the most important of which is the decrease in the power quality beyond the permissible limits, which leads to a decrease in voltage for long periods, a decrease in power factor and a large losses in the electrical network due to the deformation of the electric waveform of voltage a [...] Read more

Journal Article
Green transportation taxes and environmental sustainability: China experience
by NAILA NUREEN , Muhammad Sibt e Ali  and  Muhammad Sharjeel
Abstract
Environmental degradation is becoming a fundamental issue as it is directly associated with human lives and environmental sustainability. This research particularly highlights the significance of green transportation taxes in achieving environmental sustainability due to limited available literature considering the environmental sustainability and green transportation taxes nex [...] Read more

Journal Article
Funds Flows and Returns: The Case of the Australian Equity ETFs
by Gerasimos G. Rompotis
Abstract
The relation between fund flows and returns in the Australian ETF industry is assessed in this study. Daily data from 43 equity ETFs over the period 2019-2023 are used. The main research objective is to accentuate whether past returns can predict future fund flows and in what way and vice versa. According to the results of the applied regression analysis, past flows and past re [...] Read more

Journal Article
Electronic Payments System and Banking Industry’s Return in Nigeria: A Time-Varying Granger Causality Approach
by Abubakar Sani Ibrahim , John Olu-Coris Aiyedogbon  and  Obumneke Ezie
Abstract
The paper is motivated by the growth of the electronic payments system and its relevance in enhancing the banking industry's earnings. Consequently, the paper examines the causal relationship between the electronic payments system and the banking industry's returns in Nigeria. The paper offers some important contributions to the literature involving the use of an approach that [...] Read more

Journal Article
Shifting Demographics and Economic Performance: Unraveling the Influence of Population Aging on GDP Dynamics and Regional Inequalities
by Eleonora Santos
Abstract
Understanding the economic trends and demographic dynamics of a country is crucial for policymakers and researchers to formulate effective strategies and policies. This study aims to examine the GDP trends and aging index dynamics in Portugal from 2011 to 2021, with a focus on regional disparities and their implications for demographic challenges. The findings highlight the rel [...] Read more