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Articles ( Showing 61-80 of 328 items)
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Journal Article
A Comparative Machine Learning Survival Models Analysis for Predicting Time to Bank Failure in the US (2001-2023)
by Diego Vallarino
Abstract
This study investigates the likelihood of time to bank failures in the US between 2001 and April 2023, based on data collected from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation's report on "Bank Failures in Brief - Summary 2001 through 2023". The dataset includes 564 instances of bank failures and several variables that may be related to the likelihood of such events, such as asse [...] Read more

Journal Article
From degrees to dollars: Exploring the link between elite education and startup funding
by Alfredo Molinas
Abstract
Many startups look for venture capital (VC) funding to grow their business. Anecdotally, in the Southeast Asia context, startup founders who attended an elite institute of higher learning have greater access to this kind of capital, but this has not been demonstrated quantitatively. We look at a dataset of nearly 800 startups in Southeast Asia who have received VC funding in th [...] Read more

Journal Article
The high price of green energy: Adjustments in general equilibrium
by Henry Thompson
Abstract
The high price of energy due to green energy policy will cause adjustments across the US economy predicted in the present general equilibrium model that includes energy Btu input with capital and labor to produce manufactures and services. This same model in trade theory examines the effects of a tariff on an imported factor of production such as a natural resource or capital.& [...] Read more

Journal Article
Is democracy affecting the economic policy responses to COVID-19? A cross-country analysis
by João Ricardo Costa Filho  and  António Neto
Abstract
How does democracy relate to the initial economic policy responses to Covid-19? Using a cross country analysis, we find that countries with a higher degree of democracy have stronger economic policy responses than their peers. However, when we separate monetary and financial policies from fiscal policy, democracy is not associated with the latter when we control for the income [...] Read more

Journal Article
Greasing the revolving door: foreign aid, governance, and private capital flows
by Ugochukwu Anyanwu  and  Amarachukwu Anyanwu
Abstract
There is a considerable amount of debate on the impact of capital liberalization on economic performance. Using Three-Stage Least Squares (3SLS) estimation technique introduced by Zellner and Theil (1962), we synthesize studies on the determinants of governance and capital flows. We find evidence of a revolving door relationship. Foreign aid has a negative impact on governance [...] Read more

Journal Article
Estimating the dynamics of fiscal financing in emerging economies
by Krastina Dzhambova
Abstract
I present a theoretical model and an empirical approach for jointly estimating the effectiveness of fiscal policy and the stochastic process of sovereign interest rate shocks. The theoretical model has features relevant to small open and emerging economies. Interest rate shocks affect the ability of firms to finance payroll expenses. This theoretical feature creates a propagati [...] Read more

Journal Article
The effects of Energy Performance Certificates in energy poverty: A brief overview
by Inês Carrilho Nunes  and  Margarida Catalão Lopes
Abstract
Energy Performance Certificates are a key tool for achieving energy efficiency in the building sector. The existence of this type of legislation provides incentives for the energy renovation of buildings, increases energy-efficiency investments, and improves social welfare. At the same time, informational asymmetries are mitigated and energy consumption is reduced. However, the [...] Read more

Journal Article
Divergences among ESG rating systems: Evidence from financial indexes
by Conghao Zhu  and  Cunyi Yang
Abstract
This paper specifically underscores the disparities among various ESG rating systems in China, highlighting their varied interpretations and emphasis on corporate financial factors. Analyzing data on Chinese listed firms from 2009-2022, we observe that while company size and leverage ratio uniformly correlate with ESG scores across rating agencies such as Bloomberg, Huazheng, W [...] Read more

Journal Article
Taxes and social instability: How large corporations and wealthy taxpayers hide taxable money?
by Miaba Louise Lompo  and  Marie Madeleine Ouoba
Abstract
Non-compliance with tax obligations, particularly by wealthy taxpayers and large corporations, continues to represent a source of social injustice that fuels social instability, especially in developing countries. Understanding the strategies of tax evasion and avoidance is of critical importance. This article highlights five main strategies used by large corporations and wealt [...] Read more

Journal Article
Access to and use of financial services in ECOWAS countries: Is mobile money closing the gender gap?
by Aristide Bonsdaouêndé Valea
Abstract
This paper deals with the gender gap in accessing and using financial services provided by mobile money and financial institutions. Using data from ECOWAS member countries, we applied the Fairlie decomposition method to estimate and decompose the gender gap. The results show that mobile money contributes to improving of the use of services compared to financial institutions. Ho [...] Read more

Journal Article
The Impact of Financial Liberalization Policies on Income Inequality
by Fateh Saci
Abstract
This paper examines impacts of China’s financial liberalization policy on income inequality, through three channels: financial scale, financial structure and financial efficiency, an empirical analysis based on panel data of 30 provinces in China from 1996 to 2013 is conducted. The results confirm the Kuznets effect between financial scale, financial structure and income [...] Read more

Journal Article
Welfare fragmented information effects: The cost-benefit analysis and Trade-offs
by Emna Trabelsi
Abstract
We offer an extensive analysis of the significance of information within the realm of Gaussian quadratic economies. We build upon the seminal papers of Morris and Shin (2002, 2007) and consider a signal game of incomplete information. Particularly, we question the suitability of partial transparency portrayed by fragmented information in addition to the private signal in terms [...] Read more

Review
Economic impact of All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) on local economies: a literature review
by Kripa Neupane , Arun Regmi , Lisa Grab , Michael G. Jacobson  and  Timothy W. Kelsey
Abstract
The use of All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) has gained considerable attention within the recreation industry. The incorporation of ATVs into tourism and recreational activities has demonstrated substantial economic potential for local economies. However, there is a lack of comprehensive knowledge regarding the economic impact of ATV recreation. This paper conducts an extensive revie [...] Read more

Journal Article
Innovation in creative industries: Bibliometrix analysis and research agenda
by Paulin Gohoungodji
Abstract
Innovation has received a great attention in the creative industries literature. We propose in this study a bibliometric method to examine the literature on innovation in creative industries (ICI). A file of 656 manuscripts published on ICI between 1998 and 2022 was retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection for analysis. The results highlight the evolution of study volu [...] Read more

Journal Article
Are Industry Returns Informative about Other Industries and Fundamentals?
by Nikiforos T. Laopodis
Abstract
This paper examines the information content of selected US industries focusing on the dynamic linkages among these industries, the stock market and a number of fundamental variables. The period of investigation spans from January 1960 to December 2021. The empirical strategy includes several methodologies such as regressions, vector autoregressions and volatility models. The id [...] Read more

Journal Article
The Impact of Relationship Marketing Strategies on Customer Loyalty in the High-End Hair Salon Industry in Auckland
by Jia Wei- Sim  and  Indrapriya Kularatne
Abstract
The business world is a competitive place, and enterprises must cultivate sustainable relationships with their clients to gain customer loyalty. Concepts of relationship marketing (RM) are becoming vital in the service industry. Different RM strategies are used to attract customers, but some of these strategies do not achieve customer loyalty as easily as predicted due to custo [...] Read more

Journal Article
Does digital village construction contribute to improving food security?
by Minmin Huang  and  Yanhu Bai
Abstract
The issue of food security has become a global challenge, and it is therefore crucial to seek measures to ensure food security. As an emerging economic model, the digital economy is regarded as the most effective tool for the modernization of agricultural development. As a large food-producing country, China faces serious problems of agricultural non-point source pollution and [...] Read more

Journal Article
COVID-19 and SMEs deposits with commercial banks: evidence from African economies
by Abdulazeez Y.H. Saif-Alyousfi
Abstract
This paper examines the impact of COVID-19 on Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) deposits across 13 African nations from 2016 to 2022, using a seven-year dataset and Ordinary Least Squares estimator. Notably, it uncovers a significant positive link between the pandemic and SMEs deposits, indicating heightened reserves amidst economic uncertainty, potentially driven by ri [...] Read more

Journal Article
Navigating the Confluence of Inequality and STEM Equity: An Australian Perspective
by Alicia Liu , Safdar Khan  and  Alexandra Bec
Abstract
This study underscores the chronic issue of gender pay disparity that prevails across different STEM fields and educational qualification levels in Australia. Despite instances where women's incomes may align or even surpass men's, the broader pattern of inequality remains undeniable. The study advocates for targeted strategies to address gender pay gaps, particularly in fields [...] Read more

Journal Article
Influencing Factors as well as Implementation Path of Synergistic Development of Digitalization and Greening in Manufacturing Industry: Analysis from a Configuration Perspective
by Haiyong Jiang , Yinghui Han  and  Yan Qin
Abstract
The manufacturing sector must incorporate digitalization and greening as crucial strategies to attain high level of development in the context of the digital economy, given its significant role in quality of environment. Most of existing studies explore net effect of a single or several factors on the digitalization or greening in the manufacturing industry. Limited investigati [...] Read more