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Articles ( Showing 21-40 of 308 items)
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Journal Article
Did the UEFA Champions League winners start in an easy group?
by Antonio Avila-Cano  and  Francisco Triguero-Ruiz
Abstract
Competitive balance indicates the degree of control participating teams have over a sports competition. Supporters look for excuses to justify their team’s defeat and the triumph of their rivals. If the competition has required a preliminary qualifying group stage, they will argue that the winning team was in an "easy group" from the start, and their team was unlucky to b [...] Read more

Journal Article
Agricultural Exports, Other Exports, Imports, and Economic Growth: An ARDL Approach for Tunisia
by Emna Trabelsi  and  Nesrine Kachout
Abstract
This paper aims to study and quantify the impact of agricultural exports on economic growth along with other variables in Tunisia. For that purpose, we estimate the relationship between GDP, agricultural exports, other exports, and imports by applying the ARDL approach under the period 1990-2020. The results show a negative and insignificant impact of agricultural exports on ec [...] Read more

Journal Article
The Value of Less-Lethal Weapons
by Johnathan Mun , Seth McAnally , Jayden Mun  and  Emma Mun
Abstract
Less-Lethal Weapons, including electric Tasers, velocity-reduction bullet-capture projectiles, rubber bullets, beanbag rounds, and other less-lethal projectiles used in police departments, federal and local law enforcement agencies, and military policing operations, as well as for private use, are topics of significant debate in recent years. These weapons can reduce collateral [...] Read more

Journal Article
CEO power, corporate governance, and firm leverage
by Shahbaz Sheikh
Abstract
This study empirically examines the effect of corporate governance on the relation between CEO power and firm leverage. Results from OLS and industry fixed effects regressions show that CEO power is positively associated with firm leverage. However, this association is driven by the strength of corporate governance as powerful CEOs tend to choose higher levels of debt only when [...] Read more

Journal Article
Observable and Unobservable Investment Information in Multiple Markets
by Yoshikazu Ishinagi  and  Joonghwa Oh
Abstract
This study considers the effects of disclosure conditions on firms' investment decisions when facing an identical competitor in multiple markets. Assuming that there are congestion costs between multiple investments to reduce marginal cost for each market, this study focuses on the cases where the disclosure conditions may differ by market. Like previous studies on single Courn [...] Read more

Journal Article
Credit risk and Tunisian bank stability in the Covid-19 wave
by Emna Trabelsi  and  Malek Ben Mansour
Abstract
Banks are at the core of economic functioning in various countries and are the cause of their development in various fields. In a changing environment, they must deal with certain risks and maintain financial stability as the ultimate objective. The primary objective of this study is to examine the correlation between credit risk and bank stability within the Tunisian banking s [...] Read more

Journal Article
How to stop economic growth
by F. L. Van Holthoon
Abstract
The answer to how to stop economic growth must be political rather than economic. Economic growth made by men has an impetus which can only be stopped by a deliberate choice. It takes national and international decisions to stop it. In order to organize a moratorium on economic growth (which eventually must lead to a stop on growth) I suggest to create blocks of nations in the [...] Read more

Journal Article
College Selectivity, Choice of Major, and Post-College Earnings
by William Brian Muse  and  Iryna Muse
Abstract
College choice and choice of major are the most important decisions for future earnings. It is still unclear, however, what makes a greater difference—college or major—or whether a choice of college matters more for some majors, but not the others. Using cross-classified models and College Scorecard data, I show that a discipline is more consequential for future ear [...] Read more

Journal Article
Dynamics of deposit dollarization in Turkey
by A. Yasemin Yalta  and  A. Talha Yalta
Abstract
Deposit dollarization in Turkey has been on the rise, reaching record levels in 2022. This was caused by the worsening macroeconomic fundamentals along with the transition to the presidential system in 2018 and the associated deviation from the monetary policy stance afterward. The unique case of Turkey presents an excellent natural experiment to explore the dynamics of deposit [...] Read more

Journal Article
Corporate social responsibility and the likelihood of external financing
by Shahbaz Sheikh
Abstract
This paper empirically investigates the relation between firm performance in corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the need and likelihood of external financing to test the predictions of agency and stakeholder theories. Empirical results from Logit, Linear Probability Model, OLS and Firm fixed effects regressions indicate that CSR is negatively related to the likelihood an [...] Read more

Journal Article
Agglomeration Economies and Rural-to-Urban Migration in India
by Arup Mitra  and  Rajesh Raushan
Abstract
Keeping in view the concept of agglomeration economies and the New Economic Geography (NEG) angle, this paper makes an attempt to examine the rural to urban population movement at the district level in India. The findings do not favour a strong positive association between levels of urbanization and migration rates.  However, there exists a cluster of districts which are a [...] Read more

Journal Article
Assessment of exchange rate determination in a mono-resource economy: A case of Nigeria
by Nakorji Musa , Oji-okoro Izuchukwu  and  Seyi Saint Akadiri
Abstract
This study examined the determinants of the exchange rate in a mono-resource economy, during the period of currency and oil price fall in Nigeria. The aim of the study is to ascertain the potentiality of economic diversification (non-oil export) in saving the falling value of the domestic currency, as well as, its stability. The study employed the use of monthly data from the C [...] Read more

Journal Article
Discovering online Chinese consumers’ impulse buying in live streaming by the theory of planned behavior
by Lifu Li  and  Kyeong Kang
Abstract
The study explores online consumers’ impulse buying intentions and behaviors on live streaming platforms. Unlike traditional shopping modes, the development of real-time video streaming provides online consumers with a distinct approach to interacting with live streamers and browsing online products in real-time, potentially causing their impulse buying intentions. To und [...] Read more

Journal Article
Advanced Air Mobility, Economic Impacts, and Equity Considerations
by Robert M. McNab
Abstract
Advanced Air Mobility (AAM) may, in the coming decades, result in tens of thousands of new jobs and billions of dollars in additional economic activity. While much of the discussion surrounding AAM focuses on the technical aspects of the nascent industry, estimates of the potential economic impact vary significantly. Much less attention has been paid in the literature to potent [...] Read more

Journal Article
Dilemma for fiscal policies: supporting economic activity, or ensuring public debt sustainability?
by Séverine Menguy
Abstract
We study analytically the conflict of goals between stabilizing economic activity and public debt sustainability, for the fiscal authorities. In the short run, an active and expansionary fiscal policy, increasing public investment or reducing the labor taxation rate, is growth enhancing. However, as these short term fiscal policies also decrease government revenue and increase [...] Read more

Journal Article
Can Education Reduce or Mitigate Discrimination? An Investigation on Earnings of PhD Recipients in the US
by Wei-Chiao Huang , Qing Zang  and  Daxue Kan
Abstract
Spence’s signaling model (Spence, 1973) suggests that education can signal workers’ unobserved ability to employers thereby mitigating discrimination. There have been several studies concerning education’s impact on labor market discrimination against minority or disadvantaged groups. Our approach in this inquiry is unique in that we utilize the data of PhD re [...] Read more

Review
The Dual Roles of S-Nitrosylation of Proteins in Cancer: Molecular Mechanisms and Recent Advancements
by Yi Wu , Yanqi Li , Tong Wu  and  Hongmei Yang
Abstract
Protein S-nitrosylation (SNO), emerging as an important posttranslational modification, involves covalent addition of nitric oxide (NO) to the sulfur atom of cysteine in proteins. Accumulated evidence suggests that protein SNO plays crucial roles in pathophysiological mechanisms in cancer, which is attracting great attention. However, there are still controversies about whether [...] Read more

Journal Article
The effectiveness of the european central bank in pursuing its prime mandate
by Mark Scholliers  and  Herman Matthijs
Abstract
The objectives and tasks of the European Central Bank (ECB) are defined in Articles 2 and 3 of Protocol (No 4) on the Statute of the European System of Central Banks (ESCB) and of the European Central Bank (ECB). While in Article 3,1° of this Protocol other tasks are mentioned, the prime objective of the ESCB and therefore of the ECB, is price stability. This concept was or [...] Read more

Journal Article
Carbon emissions trading price forecasts by multi-perspective fusion
by Chong Zhang  and  Zhiying Feng
Abstract
The precise prediction of carbon emissions trading prices is the foundation for the stable and sustainable development of the carbon financial market. In recent years, influenced by a combination of factors such as the pandemic, trading regulations, and policies, carbon prices have exhibited strong random volatility and clear non-stationary characteristics. Traditional single-p [...] Read more

Journal Article
Comprehensive analyses reveal molecular and clinical characteristics of RNA modification writers across 32 cancer types
by Jiayu Ding , Hao Shen , Jiaying Ji , Jiaxing Li , Wenbin Kuang , Zhongrui Shi , Dawei Wang , Yuanyuan Chen , Didi Wan , Xiao Wang  and  Peng Yang
Abstract
Adenosine alterations to RNA, which are largely determined by RNA modification writers (RMWs), are critical for cancer growth and progression. These RMWs can catalyze different types of adenosine modifications, such as N6-methyladenosine (m6A), N1-methyladenosine (m1A), alternative polyadenylation (APA), and adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) RNA editing. These modifications have pr [...] Read more