Utilizing a 2021 nationally representative sample of 7,504 White-owned employer businesses (WOBs) in the United States of America (USA), the extent, and the determinants of WOB business registration are estimated. Business registration is employed as a proxy for business in/formality. Approximately one-fifth (22.5%) of all employer WOBs are unregistered or informal business concerns hidden from government purview. The primary determinants of employer WOB informality are business size (annual revenues under $500,000 and few paid employees), a business owner with less than a four-year college degree, and an upbringing in a lower- or middle-class environment, among other findings. Notably, this research reveals the white lie of the magnitude of White-owned employer business informality in the USA.
Pisani, M. J. A ‘White Lie’ of Business Informality: An Exploration of Non-Registered White-owned Businesses in the United States of America. Journal of Economic Analysis, 2024, 3, 64. https://doi.org/10.58567/jea03030002
Pisani M J. A ‘White Lie’ of Business Informality: An Exploration of Non-Registered White-owned Businesses in the United States of America. Journal of Economic Analysis; 2024, 3(3):64. https://doi.org/10.58567/jea03030002
Pisani, Michael J. 2024. "A ‘White Lie’ of Business Informality: An Exploration of Non-Registered White-owned Businesses in the United States of America" Journal of Economic Analysis 3, no.3: 64. https://doi.org/10.58567/jea03030002
Pisani, M. J. (2024). A ‘White Lie’ of Business Informality: An Exploration of Non-Registered White-owned Businesses in the United States of America. Journal of Economic Analysis, 3(3), 64. https://doi.org/10.58567/jea03030002
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