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How National Lockdown Restrictions Impacted the New Zealand Female Workforce: A Review

by Kunchana Wanniarachchi a  and  Indrapriya Kularatne b,* orcid
Southern Institute of Technology, Invercargill, New Zealand
Otago Polytechnic Auckland International Campus, Auckland, New Zealand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
JEA  2024, 78; 3(4), 78;
Received: 29 September 2023 / Accepted: 29 October 2023 / Published Online: 15 December 2024


The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the everyday ways of life across the world. The objective of this study is to understand the impacts of nationwide lockdown restrictions on female workforce of New Zealand. To conduct this study three subsets were selected: working mothers, essential workers and women in high-risk industries. New Zealand has a gender segregated workforce, and more women on the frontline as essential workers who faced risks from COVID-19. A quantitative approach based on secondary data published by the Government of New Zealand was employed in this study. The analysis was carried out under three themes: family wellbeing, essential workers and women in high-risk industries. All the themes point to the fact that the working women of New Zealand indeed have been critically impacted compared with working men.

Copyright: © 2024 by Wanniarachchi and Kularatne. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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ACS Style
Wanniarachchi, K.; Kularatne, I. How National Lockdown Restrictions Impacted the New Zealand Female Workforce: A Review. Journal of Economic Analysis, 2024, 3, 78.
AMA Style
Wanniarachchi K, Kularatne I. How National Lockdown Restrictions Impacted the New Zealand Female Workforce: A Review. Journal of Economic Analysis; 2024, 3(4):78.
Chicago/Turabian Style
Wanniarachchi, Kunchana; Kularatne, Indrapriya 2024. "How National Lockdown Restrictions Impacted the New Zealand Female Workforce: A Review" Journal of Economic Analysis 3, no.4:78.
APA style
Wanniarachchi, K., & Kularatne, I. (2024). How National Lockdown Restrictions Impacted the New Zealand Female Workforce: A Review. Journal of Economic Analysis, 3(4), 78.

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