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Articles ( Showing 1-20 of 31 items)
Searched for: [ Keywords: "policy evaluation" ] clear all
Journal Article
Central bank policy formulation under COVID-19 in Ghana: A fit-for-purpose?
by Johnson Worlanyo Ahiadorme  and  Deodat E. Adenutsi
Abstract
This paper evaluates the fit-for-purpose of the monetary policy measures implemented by the Bank of Ghana in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We examine the effectiveness of the BoG’s policy interventions in the context of vector autoregressions augmented with macroeconomic and financial indicators. We demonstrate that the BoG’s monetary policy measures have had n [...] Read more

Journal Article
Evaluation of Urban High-quality Development Level based on Entropy Weight-TOPSIS Two-step Method
by Yushan Qiu , Shuaishuai Jia , Jianping Liao  and  Xiaohan Yang
Abstract
Based on fully considering the actual differences in statistical indicators between Hong Kong, Macao, and the nine cities in the Pearl River Delta, this paper constructs a high-quality urban development evaluation system that is suitable for the actual development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. The Entropy Weighted TOPSIS two-step method is used to process d [...] Read more

Journal Article
The impact and mechanism of the relaxation of fertility policy on income distribution: Evidence from China's Selective Two Children Policy
by Qian Huang , Shoulin Fang , Dongmei Wang , Weiheng Sun , Youcheng Zhou  and  Feiling Lu
Abstract
Numerous studies have explored the impact of family planning policies on income distribution, but the impact of policy relaxation remains largely unexplored. To address this gap, we investigate the effects of China's selective two-child policy, which was implemented in 2013, using provincial panel data from 2011 to 2016. Specifically, we employ a generalized difference-in-diffe [...] Read more

Journal Article
Exports of Renewable Energy Goods among RCEP members: Potential and Constraints
by Yichang Liu  and  Kaliappa Kalirajan
Abstract
Objective: The paper, specifically examines whether the recently formed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) can potentially facilitate minimising the constraints to renewable energy goods exports at the regional level in Asia. Data, Methodology and Findings: Using the panel data from 11 RCEP members from 2006 to 2014, this study has applied the ‘meta fronti [...] Read more
Hit Affiliation:
Arndt-Corden Department of Economics, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Journal Article
Are Banks Too Many? A Theoretical Possibility and a Policy Issue
by Gerasimos T. Soldatos  and  Erotokritos Varelas
Abstract
Motivated by the Blackorby-Schworm (1993) observation that market outcomes may differ from those originating in market-actor optimization, this paper claims that the number of banks in the market is larger than the number justified by bank profit maximization alone or in combination with bank depositor welfare maximization. This claim is made within the context of bilateral mon [...] Read more

Journal Article
In search of an optimal public policy in a pandemic: The question of lives versus livelihood
by Gopal K. Basak , Chandramauli Chakraborty  and  Pranab Kumar Das
Abstract
The paper addresses the alternative policy options available to address the question of lives versus livelihood in an SIRD model augmented with a macroeconomic structure. An important contribution of the paper lies in designing the policy of lockdown dependent on the extent of the constraint on the health facilities. The paper supplements the literature with a less stringent ve [...] Read more

Journal Article
Dilemma for fiscal policies: supporting economic activity, or ensuring public debt sustainability?
by Séverine Menguy
Abstract
We study analytically the conflict of goals between stabilizing economic activity and public debt sustainability, for the fiscal authorities. In the short run, an active and expansionary fiscal policy, increasing public investment or reducing the labor taxation rate, is growth enhancing. However, as these short term fiscal policies also decrease government revenue and increase [...] Read more

Journal Article
The Impact of Financial Liberalization Policies on Income Inequality
by Fateh Saci
Abstract
This paper examines impacts of China’s financial liberalization policy on income inequality, through three channels: financial scale, financial structure and financial efficiency, an empirical analysis based on panel data of 30 provinces in China from 1996 to 2013 is conducted. The results confirm the Kuznets effect between financial scale, financial structure and income [...] Read more

Journal Article
Evaluating Classical and Artificial Intelligence Methods for Credit Risk Analysis
by Bruno Reis  and  António Quintino
Abstract
Credit scoring remains one of the most important subjects in financial risk management. Although the methods in this field have grown in sophistication, further improvements are necessary. These advances could translate in major gains for financial institutions and other companies that extend credit by diminishing the potential for losses in this process. This research seeks to [...] Read more

Journal Article
Green Credit Policy, Institution Supply and Enterprise Green Innovation
by Chunji Zheng , Feng Deng , Chengfeng Zhuo  and  Weiheng Sun
Abstract
Green credit policy (GCP) relies on financial means to promote environmental governance. Whether it can achieve the goals of economic development and environmental protection, especially in the context of different institutional supplies, remains to be scientifically tested. Based on the implementation of China’s Green Credit Guidelines in 2012, this study uses panel data [...] Read more

Journal Article
Business Cycles Synchronization: Literature Review
by Chrysostomos Stoforos , Stavros Degiannakis , Panagiotis Delis , George Filis  and  Theodosios Palaskas
Abstract
Following the seminal paper on Optimum Currency Areas (OCA) by Mundell (1961) a wealth of literature has been published on the business cycles synchronisation and its main determinants. This work provides a systematic review of this research field both at country-level synchronization and regional level. The paper aims to evaluate the contribution of the related literature&rsqu [...] Read more

Journal Article
Sources of Productivity Growth in the Indonesian Manufacturing Industries
by Martha Primanthi  and  Kaliappa Kalirajan
Abstract
Generating output growth by adding more inputs into the production process may not be sustainable in the long run for any economy, given the limited resources. On the other hand, if productivity growth dominates the production process, it will generate more output without excessive increase in input use. Hence, this paper examines whether the output growth in Indonesia’s [...] Read more
Hit Affiliation:
Arndt Corden Department of Economics, Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Journal Article
Keynesian Without the Policy: Why the Business Cycle is all about Business Confidence and Finance
by Karl Johan Bergstrӧ m
Abstract
Many of Keynes´s ideas and concepts are proven correct in this paper. The demand side, mainly business investments, drives the economy. Business firms steer the business cycle via profit expectations and animal spirits. Injections to and withdrawals from the circular flow of income are multiplied throughout the economy in accordance with Keynes´s multiplier. A sudde [...] Read more

Journal Article
Probability of Achieving NDC and Implications for Climate Policy: CO-STIRPAT Approach
by Ick Jin
Abstract
This paper presents an analytical framework to assess the probability of achieving nationally determined contributions (NDC). The prediction model based on the Kaya identity is used to simulate the pathway of carbon emission until the target year. Applying the modified STIRPAT framework (named CO-STIRPAT) to data observed in South Korea shows that the probability that the predi [...] Read more

Journal Article
Assessing Corruption in Times of Crisis: Empirical Evidence from Greece
by Paraskevi Boufounou , Kanellos Toudas  and  Athanasia Georgiou
Abstract
The goal of this paper is to provide an overall presentation of corruption as occupational fraud building on the findings of an empirical study conducted in Greece. As uncertainty leads to increased levels of corruption, Greece was chosen due to the prolonged period of uncertainty the country faces, caused by the 2010 financial crisis and followed by the Covid pandemic crisis. [...] Read more

Journal Article
A Decision-Making Framework for Assessing New Rate Mechanisms: The Case of US Gas Distributors
by Kenneth W. Costello
Abstract
To make an assessment of ratemaking proposals, this article proposes that regulators should consider applying a logical decision-making process, such as multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA), that selects or modifies those rate mechanisms that come closest to achieving the public interest, as defined by regulators. MCDA seems like an fitting tool to improve regulatory decisio [...] Read more

Journal Article
Inflation: Thruway of ECB’s Monetary Policy
by Christian Seidl
Abstract
Part of the present inflation is caused by the breakdown of globalization, in particular supply chains, part is caused by the Corona Pandemic, in particular lockdowns, part is caused by the Ukrainian War, part is caused by European sanctions, and part – and not the smallest one – is caused by the European Central Bank’s printing money by hook or by crook in th [...] Read more

Journal Article
Credit risk and Tunisian bank stability in the Covid-19 wave
by Emna Trabelsi  and  Malek Ben Mansour
Abstract
Banks are at the core of economic functioning in various countries and are the cause of their development in various fields. In a changing environment, they must deal with certain risks and maintain financial stability as the ultimate objective. The primary objective of this study is to examine the correlation between credit risk and bank stability within the Tunisian banking s [...] Read more
Hit Affiliation:
Social and Economic Policy Analysis Laboratory, Higher Institute of Management of Tunis, University of Tunis, Tunisia

Journal Article
Agricultural Exports, Other Exports, Imports, and Economic Growth: An ARDL Approach for Tunisia
by Emna Trabelsi  and  Nesrine Kachout
Abstract
This paper aims to study and quantify the impact of agricultural exports on economic growth along with other variables in Tunisia. For that purpose, we estimate the relationship between GDP, agricultural exports, other exports, and imports by applying the ARDL approach under the period 1990-2020. The results show a negative and insignificant impact of agricultural exports on ec [...] Read more
Hit Affiliation:
Higher Institute of Management of Tunis, Social and Economic Policy Analysis Laboratory, University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

Journal Article
Interactive influence of house prices and the repo rate on household debt in South Africa
by Juniours Marire
Abstract
The recent interest rate policy decisions of the South African Reserve Bank have been criticized significantly by left-leaning political parties and civic society organisations for being anti-poor, anti-labour, and pro-capital because of their implications for household debt. Existing literature has established that interest rates and house prices are insignificant determinants [...] Read more