Open Access Journal Article

Are greener RTAs reducing “dirty” exports?

by Li Cao a orcid Dahai Fu a,* orcid  and  Ying Zhang b
School of International Trade and Economics, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China
Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
EAL  2023, 36; 2(4), 36;
Received: 18 March 2023 / Accepted: 8 July 2023 / Published Online: 17 July 2023


We examine the impact of environmental provisions in regional trade agreements (RTAs) on the environmentally harmful exports. Results show that environmental clauses in RTAs help reduce “dirty” exports, whereas RTA depth promotes exports. The exporting country may divert its polluting exports to its trading partner if it faces more environmental provisions with other countries.

Copyright: © 2023 by Cao, Fu and Zhang. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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ACS Style
Cao, L.; Fu, D.; Zhang, Y. Are greener RTAs reducing “dirty” exports?. Economic Analysis Letters, 2023, 2, 36.
AMA Style
Cao L, Fu D, Zhang Y. Are greener RTAs reducing “dirty” exports?. Economic Analysis Letters; 2023, 2(4):36.
Chicago/Turabian Style
Cao, Li; Fu, Dahai; Zhang, Ying 2023. "Are greener RTAs reducing “dirty” exports?" Economic Analysis Letters 2, no.4:36.
APA style
Cao, L., Fu, D., & Zhang, Y. (2023). Are greener RTAs reducing “dirty” exports?. Economic Analysis Letters, 2(4), 36.

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