Open Access Journal Article

Rethinking Education in the Age of AI: The Importance of Developing Durable Skills in the Industry 4.0

by James Hutson a,*  and  Jason Ceballos b
Lindenwood University, USA
Independent Scholar, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
JIE  2023, 9; 1(2), 9;
Received: 9 May 2023 / Accepted: 12 June 2023 / Published Online: 1 July 2023


This article discusses the pressing need to integrate artificial intelligence (AI) into education to facilitate customizable, individualized, and on-demand learning pathways. At the same time, while AI has the potential to expand the learner base and improve learning outcomes, the development of NACE Competencies and durable skills – communication, critical thinking, creativity, leadership, adaptability, and emotional intelligence - must be purposefully integrated in curriculum design now more than ever. Recent studies have shown that AI-driven learning pathways can achieve outcomes more quickly, but this comes at the cost of the development of durable skills. Therefore, traditional student-to-student and student-to-teacher interactions must be prioritized. As such, this study proposes a balanced approach to curriculum design to ensure the best outcomes for learners, where durable skill development is prioritized alongside subject-specific skills and rote memorization. Additionally, the article highlights the need for a combination of Just in Time Training (JITT) approaches, facilitated by AI technology, to reach the implementation of durable skills. The article concludes by questioning how to develop human skills in an increasingly AI-driven education system and emphasizes the importance of curriculum design and traditional learning approaches in creating a cohesive learning experience that develops durable skills in students. It is necessary to recognize that AI-driven education cannot replace the development of human skills, and that traditional interactions play a crucial role in developing these skills.

Copyright: © 2023 by Hutson and Ceballos. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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ACS Style
Hutson, J.; Ceballos, J. Rethinking Education in the Age of AI: The Importance of Developing Durable Skills in the Industry 4.0. Journal of Information Economics, 2023, 1, 9.
AMA Style
Hutson J, Ceballos J. Rethinking Education in the Age of AI: The Importance of Developing Durable Skills in the Industry 4.0. Journal of Information Economics; 2023, 1(2):9.
Chicago/Turabian Style
Hutson, James; Ceballos, Jason 2023. "Rethinking Education in the Age of AI: The Importance of Developing Durable Skills in the Industry 4.0" Journal of Information Economics 1, no.2:9.
APA style
Hutson, J., & Ceballos, J. (2023). Rethinking Education in the Age of AI: The Importance of Developing Durable Skills in the Industry 4.0. Journal of Information Economics, 1(2), 9.

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