Open Access Journal Article

Impact of Industrialization on Household Income in Rural China, 1988-2018

by Yulu Chen a Qingjie Xia b,* orcid  and  Shi Li c
Sichuan Provincial Investment Group Company Limited, Sichuan Province, China
School of Economics, Peking University, Beijing, China
School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang Province, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 February 2023 / Accepted: 26 July 2023 / Published: 16 August 2023


This paper uses China Household Income Project rural household survey data spanning 30 years (1988-2018) to study the impact of China’s industrialization on rural household income. In the semiparametric regression model, we use the rural households’ distance to the manufacturing hub to analyze the spillover effect of industrialization on their income and the spatial attenuation. The results show that the income gap between rural households in Guangdong and other provinces increased from 1988 to 2002, but continuously decreased from 2002 to 2018; the rural households’ distance to the Pearl River Delta or the Yangtze River Delta, the two international manufacturing hubs, has a significant impact on their income, which has been increasing from 1988 to 1995, but has been decreasing since the new century. On the contrary, the influence of the rural households’ distance to the provincial capital on their income has been increasing since the new century.

Copyright: © 2023 by Chen, Xia and Li. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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ACS Style
Chen, Y.; Xia, Q.; Li, S. Impact of Industrialization on Household Income in Rural China, 1988-2018. Journal of Economic Statistics, 2023, 1, 9.
AMA Style
Chen Y, Xia Q, Li S. Impact of Industrialization on Household Income in Rural China, 1988-2018. Journal of Economic Statistics; 2023, 1(2):9.
Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Yulu; Xia, Qingjie; Li, Shi 2023. "Impact of Industrialization on Household Income in Rural China, 1988-2018" Journal of Economic Statistics 1, no.2: 9.
APA style
Chen, Y., Xia, Q., & Li, S. (2023). Impact of Industrialization on Household Income in Rural China, 1988-2018. Journal of Economic Statistics, 1(2), 9.

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