Open Access Journal Article

Unraveling the impact of energy demand and exports on environment and economy: A case study of South Asian Economies

by Kiran Batool a,* Muhammad Adeel b  and  Abdulhalim Musa Abubakar c
Beijing Key Laboratory of New Energy and Low Carbon Development, School of Economics and Management, North China Electric Power University, Beijing, China
School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Beihang University, Beijing, China
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Modibbo Adama University (MAU), P.M.B 2072, Girei LGA, Adamawa State, Nigeria
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ETE  2024, 18; 2(3), 18;
Received: 19 December 2023 / Accepted: 8 April 2024 / Published Online: 8 July 2024


This study employs empirical analysis using an econometric model that examines the interdependence among environmental degradation, exports, and economic development with energy use. It also provides an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) for selected South Asian economies utilizing time-series data. The findings reveal a long-term, stable equilibrium link between energy demand and pollution. There exists a positive relationship between structural factors and pollution. Moreover, this study constructs a model of exports and pollution from an interdependent perspective. The three perspectives are tested: the scale and structure of energy consumption considering the twin constraints of export-trade and pollution, and the scale of pollution in export-trade constraint. These results show that the increase in energy use leads to higher CO2 emissions amidst export volume. However, in the presence of income, the scale of effect lowers a little. The analysis also supports the presence of Kuznets curve for south-Asian economies. The results imply substantial scope for development in the energy use and pollution structure within South Asia's current export trade process. This development can be attained by regulating energy use and enhancing system efficacy without necessitating changes to the scale effect or structural effect.

Copyright: © 2024 by Batool, Adeel and Abubakar. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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ACS Style
Batool, K.; Adeel, M.; Abubakar, A. M. Unraveling the impact of energy demand and exports on environment and economy: A case study of South Asian Economies. Energy Technologies and Environment, 2024, 2, 18.
AMA Style
Batool K, Adeel M, Abubakar A M. Unraveling the impact of energy demand and exports on environment and economy: A case study of South Asian Economies. Energy Technologies and Environment; 2024, 2(3):18.
Chicago/Turabian Style
Batool, Kiran; Adeel, Muhammad; Abubakar, Abdulhalim M. 2024. "Unraveling the impact of energy demand and exports on environment and economy: A case study of South Asian Economies" Energy Technologies and Environment 2, no.3:18.
APA style
Batool, K., Adeel, M., & Abubakar, A. M. (2024). Unraveling the impact of energy demand and exports on environment and economy: A case study of South Asian Economies. Energy Technologies and Environment, 2(3), 18.

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