Open Access Journal Article

Reasonableness and Correctness for Operational Value-at-Risk

by Peter Mitic a, b,* orcid
Department of Computer Science, University College London, London, UK
Risk Analytics, Santander Bank, London, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
EAL  2023, 31; 2(3), 31;
Received: 17 May 2023 / Accepted: 12 June 2023 / Published Online: 24 June 2023


Calculating the amount of regulatory capital to cover unexpected losses due to operational events in the upcoming year has caused problems because of difficulties in fitting probability distributions to data. It is consequently difficult to judge an appropriate level of capital that reflects the risk profile of a financial institution. We provide theoretical and empirical analyses to link the calculated capital to the sum of losses using appropriate statistical approximations. We conclude that, in order to reasonably reflect the associated risk, the capital should be approximately half the sum of losses, with a wide bound for the ratio of capital to sum.

Copyright: © 2023 by Mitic. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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ACS Style
Mitic, P. Reasonableness and Correctness for Operational Value-at-Risk. Economic Analysis Letters, 2023, 2, 31.
AMA Style
Mitic P. Reasonableness and Correctness for Operational Value-at-Risk. Economic Analysis Letters; 2023, 2(3):31.
Chicago/Turabian Style
Mitic, Peter 2023. "Reasonableness and Correctness for Operational Value-at-Risk" Economic Analysis Letters 2, no.3:31.
APA style
Mitic, P. (2023). Reasonableness and Correctness for Operational Value-at-Risk. Economic Analysis Letters, 2(3), 31.

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