This paper investigates the impacts of COVID-19 on women’s employment and gender disparity with a longitudinal dataset spanning the pandemic. We exploit the regional intensities of social vulnerability and temporal variation to implement the difference-in-differences (DID) estimation. The results indicate that the pandemic and its associated lockdowns generate a significant and negative impact on women’s employment but not on men’s employment. Moreover, a counterfactual analysis using pre-pandemic data further supports the causal nature of the documented relationships. The evidence suggests that economic downturns caused by public health emergencies, unlike previous economic recessions, have a greater impact on women, and differentiated policies should be designed.
Zhou, D.; Peng, L.; Chen, S. The Impact of COVID-19 on Women’s Employment: Evidence from China. Economic Analysis Letters, 2023, 2, 18. https://doi.org/10.58567/eal02010008
Zhou D, Peng L, Chen S. The Impact of COVID-19 on Women’s Employment: Evidence from China. Economic Analysis Letters; 2023, 2(1):18. https://doi.org/10.58567/eal02010008
Zhou, Dong; Peng, Langchuan; Chen, Shouer 2023. "The Impact of COVID-19 on Women’s Employment: Evidence from China" Economic Analysis Letters 2, no.1: 18. https://doi.org/10.58567/eal02010008
Zhou, D., Peng, L., & Chen, S. (2023). The Impact of COVID-19 on Women’s Employment: Evidence from China. Economic Analysis Letters, 2(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.58567/eal02010008
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