Based on provincial panel data from 1998-2018, this paper estimates research and development (R&D) factors, and a stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) model is constructed to examine the effects of R&D factors on regional total factor productivity (TFP). The results show that both R&D capital stock and R&D personnel can significantly promote regional TFP, but the productivity-enhancing effect of R&D factors is different between regions. Specifically, R&D capital and R&D personnel can promote TFP in eastern and central provinces, and the promotion effect is not significant in western provinces. In addition, compared with investment-driven regions, innovation-driven regions are more likely to enhance TFP by R&D factors.
Zhao, S.; Tian, W.; Dagestani, A. A. How do R&D factors affect total factor productivity: based on stochastic frontier analysis method. Economic Analysis Letters, 2022, 1, 10. https://doi.org/10.58567/eal01020005
Zhao S, Tian W, Dagestani A A. How do R&D factors affect total factor productivity: based on stochastic frontier analysis method. Economic Analysis Letters; 2022, 1(2):10. https://doi.org/10.58567/eal01020005
Zhao, Shikuan; Tian, Wen; Dagestani, Abd A. 2022. "How do R&D factors affect total factor productivity: based on stochastic frontier analysis method" Economic Analysis Letters 1, no.2: 10. https://doi.org/10.58567/eal01020005
Zhao, S., Tian, W., & Dagestani, A. A. (2022). How do R&D factors affect total factor productivity: based on stochastic frontier analysis method. Economic Analysis Letters, 1(2), 10. https://doi.org/10.58567/eal01020005
Article Access Statistics
Aldieri, L., Makkonen, T., Vinci, C. P. (2021). Spoils of innovation? Employment effects of R&D and knowledge spillovers in Finland. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 30(4), 356-370. https://doi.org/10.1080/10438599. 2019.1703754.
Pieri, F., Vecchi, M., Venturini, F. (2018). Modelling the joint impact of R&D and ICT on productivity: A frontier analysis approach. Research Policy, 47(9), 1842-1852. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2018.06.013.
Solomon, E. M. (2021). Types of R&D investment and firm productivity: UK evidence on heterogeneity and complementarity in rates of return. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 30(5), 536-563. https://doi.org/10.1080/10438599.2020.1846249.
Venturini, F. (2015). The modern drivers of productivity. Research Policy, 44(2), 357-369. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol. 2014.10.011.
Zhao, S., Cao, Y., Feng, C., Guo, K., & Zhang, J. (2022). How do heterogeneous R&D investments affect China's green productivity: Revisiting the Porter hypothesis. Science of the Total Environment, 825, 154090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154090.