Open Access Journal Article

LTBP1 promotes the progression of triple negative breast cancer via activating the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway

by Jingcheng Zhang a,1 Hong Deng b,1  and  Jun Wang c,*
a
Department of Surgery, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
b
Department of General Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Sichuan, China
c
Research Unit Analytical Pathology, Helmholtz Zentrum München-German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
CI  2023, 30; 3(2), 30; https://doi.org/10.58567/ci03020001
Received: 6 December 2023 / Accepted: 22 December 2023 / Published: 26 December 2023

Abstract

The latent transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) binding protein 1 (LTBP1) has been implicated in various cellular processes, but its role in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the impact of LTBP1 on TNBC progression and its underlying mechanisms. Analysis of online datasets revealed elevated LTBP1 mRNA expression in breast cancer tissues compared to normal adjacent tissues. Kaplan-Meier Plotter analysis indicated that high LTBP1 expression was negatively correlated with relapse-free survival (RFS), distant-metastasis free survival (DMFS), and overall survival (OS) of breast cancer patients. Additionally, LTBP1 mRNA levels were associated with chemotherapy resistance. Functional assays in TNBC cells demonstrated that LTBP1 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation, induced apoptosis, and attenuated migration and invasion. In vivo studies confirmed that LTBP1 knockdown inhibited tumor growth in a xenograft mouse model. Mechanistically, LTBP1 positively correlated with genes involved in signaling regulation and organelle organization, with significant associations to GTPase binding and the RhoA/ROCK pathway. LTBP1 knockdown reduced RhoA activity and phosphorylation of Myosin Light Chain 2 (MLC2), suggesting inhibition of the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway. Moreover, activation of the RhoA/ROCK pathway partially rescued the effects of LTBP1 knockdown on TNBC cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion. In conclusion, our findings suggest that LTBP1 promotes TNBC progression through activation of the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway, highlighting its potential as a therapeutic target for TNBC.


Copyright: © 2023 by Zhang, Deng and Wang. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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ACS Style
Zhang, J.; Deng, H.; Wang, J. LTBP1 promotes the progression of triple negative breast cancer via activating the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway. Cancer Insight, 2024, 3, 30. https://doi.org/10.58567/ci03020001
AMA Style
Zhang J, Deng H, Wang J. LTBP1 promotes the progression of triple negative breast cancer via activating the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway. Cancer Insight; 2024, 3(2):30. https://doi.org/10.58567/ci03020001
Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Jingcheng; Deng, Hong; Wang, Jun 2024. "LTBP1 promotes the progression of triple negative breast cancer via activating the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway" Cancer Insight 3, no.2:30. https://doi.org/10.58567/ci03020001
APA style
Zhang, J., Deng, H., & Wang, J. (2024). LTBP1 promotes the progression of triple negative breast cancer via activating the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway. Cancer Insight, 3(2), 30. https://doi.org/10.58567/ci03020001

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