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Articles ( Showing 1-20 of 87 items)
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Journal Article
Assessing Corruption in Times of Crisis: Empirical Evidence from Greece
by Paraskevi Boufounou , Kanellos Toudas  and  Athanasia Georgiou
Abstract
The goal of this paper is to provide an overall presentation of corruption as occupational fraud building on the findings of an empirical study conducted in Greece. As uncertainty leads to increased levels of corruption, Greece was chosen due to the prolonged period of uncertainty the country faces, caused by the 2010 financial crisis and followed by the Covid pandemic crisis. [...] Read more

Journal Article
Family Rules, Employment, Fertility and Women’s Empowerment: Evidence from a Developing Country
by Safdar Ullah Khan , Arthur H. Goldsmith , Gulasekaran Rajaguru  and  Ahmad M Khalid
Abstract
This research investigates the determinants of women's empowerment within households in a developing country. The investigation specifically focuses on the impact of employment and fertility, considering constraints imposed by family rules that play a pivotal role in shaping women's empowerment. The theoretical framework outlined in this study posits a simplistic model demonstr [...] Read more

Journal Article
Analyzing Bilateral Trade Dynamics between Azerbaijan and Pakistan: A Robust Least Squares Regression Approach
by Ibrahim Niftiyev
Abstract
The diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Pakistan have undergone significant development since the late 1990s. Despite some studies focusing on diplomatic and political relations, the economic dimension of this partnership has not been systematically covered. In this paper, a robust least squares (RLS) approach is used to model bilateral trade between the two countries a [...] Read more

Journal Article
Exports of Renewable Energy Goods among RCEP members: Potential and Constraints
by Yichang Liu  and  Kaliappa Kalirajan
Abstract
Objective: The paper, specifically examines whether the recently formed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) can potentially facilitate minimising the constraints to renewable energy goods exports at the regional level in Asia. Data, Methodology and Findings: Using the panel data from 11 RCEP members from 2006 to 2014, this study has applied the ‘meta fronti [...] Read more

Review
How National Lockdown Restrictions Impacted the New Zealand Female Workforce: A Review
by Kunchana Wanniarachchi  and  Indrapriya Kularatne
Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the everyday ways of life across the world. The objective of this study is to understand the impacts of nationwide lockdown restrictions on female workforce of New Zealand. To conduct this study three subsets were selected: working mothers, essential workers and women in high-risk industries. New Zealand has a gender segregated workforce, and m [...] Read more

Journal Article
An Operational Framework for a Low-carbon, Green Growth Economy: CO-STIRPAT Dynamic System
by Ick Jin
Abstract
This paper presents an operational framework for assessing the trajectories of production, energy, emissions, and capital accumulation to ensure the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). The framework combines widely used methodologies (STIRPAT, system dynamics, and optimization) to simulate the pathways of variables until a target year. The CO-STIRPAT d [...] Read more

Journal Article
An overlapping generations version of Krugman’s world’s smallest macroeconomic model and fiscal deficit
by Yasuhito Tanaka
Abstract
This paper attempts to introduce an overlapping generations structure into Paul Krugman's "The world's smallest macroeconomic model" (Krugman (1999)) to examine the implications of fiscal policy, particularly fiscal deficits, in a framework suitable for policy analysis. In that paper, Krugman argued that under the price rigidity assumption, a shortage in the money supply leads [...] Read more

Journal Article
Budget deficit and money holding when consumers live forever in an endogenous growth model
by Yasuhito Tanaka
Abstract
In this paper I will show that budget deficit (or fiscal deficit) is necessary to achieve full employment under constant prices or inflation, using a model of endogenous growth in which consumers hold money for the reason of liquidity and live forever. Budget deficit need not be offset by future budget surpluses. I consider the continuous time case by taking the limit of the di [...] Read more

Journal Article
The Role of News Sentiments in the Connectedness of GCC Equity Markets
by Moosa Yousuf
Abstract
This study examines the role of news sentiments in the GCC equity markets’ connectedness. We collected news titles for the period from 22nd June 2006 until 31st December 2020 from Gulf News, which is the most widely read English newspaper in the Arab World. We filter these news titles using a carefully designed list of keywords that capture public sentiment on matters rel [...] Read more

Journal Article
Monetised sustainability impacts of integrated planning in the manufactured construction products industry: A transport perspective from New Zealand
by Kamal Dhawan , John E. Tookey , Ali GhaffarianHoseini  and  Mani Poshdar
Abstract
The extensive, interdisciplinary nature of construction supply chains make them prone to inefficiencies at organisational interfaces. Inefficiencies are accentuated by the project-centric delivery paradigm, and complex logistics systems between multiple stakeholders. They manifest as a multitude of concurrent activities, processes, and systems both on and off-site. Transportati [...] Read more

Journal Article
In search of an optimal public policy in a pandemic: The question of lives versus livelihood
by Gopal K. Basak , Chandramauli Chakraborty  and  Pranab Kumar Das
Abstract
The paper addresses the alternative policy options available to address the question of lives versus livelihood in an SIRD model augmented with a macroeconomic structure. An important contribution of the paper lies in designing the policy of lockdown dependent on the extent of the constraint on the health facilities. The paper supplements the literature with a less stringent ve [...] Read more

Journal Article
Business Cycles Synchronization: Literature Review
by Chrysostomos Stoforos , Stavros Degiannakis , Panagiotis Delis , George Filis  and  Theodosios Palaskas
Abstract
Following the seminal paper on Optimum Currency Areas (OCA) by Mundell (1961) a wealth of literature has been published on the business cycles synchronisation and its main determinants. This work provides a systematic review of this research field both at country-level synchronization and regional level. The paper aims to evaluate the contribution of the related literature&rsqu [...] Read more

Journal Article
Determinants of terrorism in the MENA region: a Bayesian Model Averaging based approach
by Zohra Aroussi , Mekki Hamdaoui  and  Mounir Smida
Abstract
In this work we aim to identify potential determinants and seek to predict terrorism attack. Thus, to eliminate uncertainty linked to explanatory variables we used the BMA method. We show that, contrary to expectations terrorism in MENA region is no longer purely of economic origin but mainly due to political problems, education, financial development and countries’ demog [...] Read more

Journal Article
A ‘White Lie’ of Business Informality: An Exploration of Non-Registered White-owned Businesses in the United States of America
by Michael J. Pisani
Abstract
Utilizing a 2021 nationally representative sample of 7,504 White-owned employer businesses (WOBs) in the United States of America (USA), the extent, and the determinants of WOB business registration are estimated. Business registration is employed as a proxy for business in/formality. Approximately one-fifth (22.5%) of all employer WOBs are unregistered or informal business con [...] Read more

Journal Article
The business cycle’s influence on share repurchases of the UK
by Adhiraj Sodhi , Cesario Mateus , Irina Mateus  and  Aleksandar Stojanovic
Abstract
The UK fully legalised open market share repurchases in 1981, and to our knowledge no study has investigated the business cycle’s influence on repurchase decision-making. We address this aspect and investigate the period 1985-2014. This is relevant as the business cycle factors impact the firm-specific variables such as cash flow, profitability, dividends and capital stru [...] Read more

Journal Article
The Piped Water and Household Food Consumption: Evidence from Cambodia
by Kimty Seng
Abstract
This study analyses the effects of piped water on household food consumption per capita by adopting inverse-probability-weighted regression adjustment and endogenous treatment effects approaches with data from the Cambodia Socio-Economic Survey carried out in 2013 and 2017. A complementary analysis of the effects on primary household income per working-age member is also conduc [...] Read more

Journal Article
Informed Trading of Sell-Side Analysts: Evidence from Class Action Lawsuits
by Hyoseok David Hwang
Abstract
This paper examines whether sell-side analyst-affiliated investors trade stocks before their analysts release material information. Using class action lawsuits, I explore the pre-lawsuit periods and investigate how potentially informed analysts trade their covered firms. The event study finds that analyst-affiliated investors reduce their stockholdings of firms prior to their o [...] Read more

Journal Article
A Study of Hierarchical Risk Parity in Portfolio Construction
by Debjani Palit  and  Victor R. Prybutok
Abstract
The construction and optimization of a portfolio is a complex process that has been a historically active research area in finance. For portfolios with highly correlated assets, the performance of traditional risk-based asset allocations methods such as the mean-variance (MV) model is limited when numerous assets are correlated. A novel clustering-based asset allocation method, [...] Read more

Journal Article
Inflation’s Reduction of the Real Minimum Wage and Unemployment in the USA: 1987 to 2021
by Jonathan E. Leightner  and  Eric Jenkins
Abstract
Hundreds of articles have been written that include empirical estimates of the dis-employment effects of minimum wages; however, many of these articles find statistically insignificant effects, some find significant negative effects, and a few find significant positive effects. Most of these studies use multivariate analyses which can be criticized for omitting key variables. T [...] Read more

Journal Article
Similarities and differences between digitalization indexes
by Olena Korzhyk , Jorge Vareda Gomes  and  Gonçalo João
Abstract
Digitalization is nowadays one of the fastest developing processes. The adoption of digital technologies can provide innumerous opportunities for the organizations to evolve and gain competitive advantage by leveraging of technologies to respond to dynamic expectations and demands. Information about the country digitalization level is essential to decision makers in both public [...] Read more