Open Access Journal Article

Spatiotemporal pattern evolution and influencing factors of population spatial distribution in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration, China

by Weiping Wu a Wenhua Xie a,*  and  Yuwei Sun a
School of Economy & Trade, Hunan University of Technology and Business, Changsha, 410205, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
JRE  2024, 12; 3(1), 12;
Received: 9 January 2024 / Accepted: 22 January 2024 / Published Online: 23 January 2024


Population, as a fundamental element in urban development, often reflects a city's economic development pattern through its spatial distribution and dynamic changes. Studying population spatial distribution is pivotal for bolstering the economic activity capacity in urban agglomerations and guiding regional economic health. Using the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration as a case study, this paper analyzes its overall spatial structure and the spatiotemporal evolution of population at the district and county levels. This analysis utilizes population density, population redistribution index, and population geographic concentration as key indices. Additionally, a spatial econometric model is constructed to assess the impact of economic, social, and environmental factors on population spatial patterns. Findings reveal several key points: (1) Furong District serves as the primary central area, boasting a population geographic concentration of 25.1% in 2021. Tianxin District, Kaifu District, Yuhua District, Shifeng District, Yuelu District, and Hetang District constitute the secondary central areas, while Yutang District, Tianyuan District, Lusong District, Yuhu District, Wangcheng District, and Changsha County form the tertiary level areas. (2) Population density within the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration gradually decreases from Furong District outward. The first central area and sub-central areas experience increasing population density, highlighting a polarization trend in the population distribution. (3) The overall Moran's index for the spatial distribution of population in the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration is significantly positive, indicating a strong spatial autocorrelation and a deepening spatial agglomeration of population distribution. (4) Per capita disposable income, financial expenditure, and education level positively influence the geographical concentration of population in the urban agglomeration, while GDP per capita, road area per capita, and environmental quality exert a negative impact. Notably, the most influential factors shaping population spatial distribution are GDP per capita, disposable income per capita, and air quality.

Copyright: © 2024 by Wu, Xie and Sun. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.


Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of Hunan Province in China (18YBQ075) , Scientific Research Project of Hunan Education Department in China (23A0487) , Research and Innovation Project for Graduate Students in Hunan Province (CX20221151) , National College Students' Innovative Entrepreneurial Training Plan Program (3094)

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ACS Style
Wu, W.; Xie, W.; Sun, Y. Spatiotemporal pattern evolution and influencing factors of population spatial distribution in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration, China. Journal of Regional Economics, 2024, 3, 12.
AMA Style
Wu W, Xie W, Sun Y. Spatiotemporal pattern evolution and influencing factors of population spatial distribution in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration, China. Journal of Regional Economics; 2024, 3(1):12.
Chicago/Turabian Style
Wu, Weiping; Xie, Wenhua; Sun, Yuwei 2024. "Spatiotemporal pattern evolution and influencing factors of population spatial distribution in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration, China" Journal of Regional Economics 3, no.1:12.
APA style
Wu, W., Xie, W., & Sun, Y. (2024). Spatiotemporal pattern evolution and influencing factors of population spatial distribution in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration, China. Journal of Regional Economics, 3(1), 12.

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